Kefalonian Roots       Genealogical Services for Kefalonia, Greece

 

Registry Of Kefalonian Philanthropists

   

Introduction:

          

The Registry of Kefalonian Philanthropists is a memorial to all Kefalonians who have given so much to their fellow man.  Not only to the fellow men of their own time, but to thousands of people in the following generations.  We wish to remember each of them for their hard work, for their thoughtfulness for their fellow man and their very warm and sensitive soul.

 Kefalonian Roots is listing a few of the many Kefalonian Philanthropists, but desires to compile a large database.  If you know of Kefalonian Philanthropists, whether they be 1st or 9th generation, and  no matter where they resided or reside; please send your documented information to regkefphil@keffyroots.com stating on the Subject Line:  Reg. Philan. – Add; in the Message Area: your information with documentation; and in the Signature: your name and e-mail address  The contributors of the names of philanthropist used on the site will me recognized in Credits.

Kefalonian Philanthropists

 

Philanthropist

Philanthropic Deed

 

 

Vallianos, Panagis  1814-1902

 Keramies, Kefalonia

Vallianeio – Junior Polytechnic School of Lixouri

He bequeathed a grant for the construction and functioning of the Vallianeio Junior Polytechnic School of Lixouri, Kefalonia.

The Polytechnic School was founded in 1911 and finished in 1912. Teachers were brought from the Polytechnic School of Athens and the departments of Education were:

Mechanical Engineering, Construction, Electrical Engineering, Carpentry, Textile Technology and Fabric Design.

He also gave money for a church in Keramies, Livatho and aid for churches, hospitals, schools and students of Kefalonia. 

 

 

 

   

The Vallianos Brothers:

Vallianos Marinos                  -   - 1896

Vallianos, Panagis  1814 - 1902

Vallianos, Andreas 1827- 1887

Keramies, Kefalonia

      Vallianeio National Library of Athens

    

     The Three Vallianos Brothers bequeathed the funding for the construction of the National Library.  The three brothers were merchants, ship owners and bankers who, in the19th century had businesses in Russia, Marseille, Constantinople and London.   Marinos Vallianos was the founder of the family business, which was established on the buying, shipping and selling of Russian wheat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

 

Vallianos  (Βαλλιάνος):  Marinos, Panagis and Andreas

 

Kouloumpakis, Spyros P., Βαλλιάνειος Επαγγελματική Σχολή Λιξούρι (Β.Ε.Σ.)   Ιστορική Αναδρομή  1900 – 2000,  Αρτα, Εδκόσεις ΑΜΒΠΑΚΙΑ, 2002.

 

ΜΑΘΗΤΙΚΗ ΥΔΡΙΑ,   Vol. 1, Athens, G. Axiotellis & SIA EPE., 1980.

 

Sklaveniti, Triantafillo, National Library of Greece the Work and Services for the

            Citizens,  Athens, The National Library of Greece, 1998.

 

The Greek National Flag

 

Date

 

 

 

 

Adopted by The   1st National Assembly in Epidauros in January1822; and by  The Provincial Administration  Of Greece  in Korinth on March 15th, 1822.

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Maps courtesy of www.theodora.com/maps used with permission"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Significance

 

   This is the official flag of the Greek Democracy. It has 9 horizontal stripes 5 blue and 4 white.  In the upper left hand corner is a square the size of 5 stripes.  Inside the square are four blue squares and a white cross.

   The cross symbolizes the Christian belief of its people;, the color blue, the color of the sky; and the color white, the snow-covered mountains, the white caps of the sea and the white skirt of the soldiers who fought the Turks for independence in the 1820’s.  There is another explanation which people consider more serious. It states that the white represents the innocence of the Greek people, and that the blue signifies their seriousness and  strength. 

      The flag is  commonly referred to as the“γαλανόλευκη”- “galanolefkey”, meaning the blue and white.

 

 

 

 

 

Historic and Religious National Holidays

 

 

 

 

Date

 

The Commemoration of:

January 1

New Year’s Day and St. Basel’s Day

 

 

   

St.jpg (13439 bytes)

 

 

New Year’s Day is of course a National Holiday.  On the same day the Greek Church celebrates St. Basel’s Day.  According to Greek tradition, it is St. Basel, and not Saint Nicolas, who brings the children gifts during Christmastide.            Traditionally in Greece, Santa Claus – St. Nicholas – is celebrated on the 6th of December, as the patron saint of sailors.

January 6

Epiphany

 

 

   

     A national religious holiday celebrating the baptism of Jesus; the revelation of Jesus, as the son of God; and the Holy Spirit as the third entity of the Holy Trinity.

 

The Three Priests

 

January 30

   

days.h4.jpg (18936 bytes)

   

 

 

  This is a national school holiday for all levels of education.  These three priests were very involved with religion, education,  philanthropic acts; and were fearless of the landlords.

 

Καθαρά Δευτέρα– Clean Monday

 
 

48 days before Easter

 

1st Day of Greek Orthodox Lent  

 

 

 

   

 

days.h5.jpg (15819 bytes)

     Is a national religious holiday celebrated the day after the Carnival, which is always on a Sunday.  Clean Monday is the first day of fasting in the season of Lent.  Its position in the week would be synonymous with Shrove Monday in the Catholic or Protestant denominations; however, its religious significance is that of Ash Wednesday.

     On this day the villagers organize a Lenten feast of

foods for the fasτ - unleavened bread, fresh green salads, fish egg salad, olives, cooked giant beans, fruit and wine.   They bring the food to a central place - the village square or the school, and arrange it as a buffet; then, all of the villagers eat together.  After the meal, they socialize and dance until the early evening.

 

 

 

 

 

The Greek Revolution Against the Turks

 

 

 

 

 

 

  March 25,

 

 

Beginning of the Revolution 1821   

 

 

    The Greek Revolution against the Turks     

March 25, 1821 at Saint Laura

The Blessing of the revolutionists and their arms

and the Banner of Battle, the Flag

by Bishop Palaion Patron Germanos

 

 

  wpe1.jpg (10467 bytes)

The Virgin Mary receiving Gabriel’s message.

 

  

 

 

  An historic holiday, commemorating the beginning of the revolution against the Turks on March 25, 1821.  The Greeks won their freedom from the Ottoman Empire, the Turks, on May 7, 1832 with the signing of the Treaty of London.

 

 

 

 

 

     This is also a national religious holiday commemorating the Virgin Mary’s reception of Gabriel’s message    stating that she was with-child;  a child who would be the Savior of the world.

 

 

Easter Monday

 

The day after Easter

 

     Easter Monday is a      national holiday.

 

 

Assumption  Day

 

August  15

   

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A national religious holiday commemorating the falling asleep of the Virgin Mary.

 

 

ΟΧΙ !  DAY

 

 

October  28, 1940

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

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  On this date the Greek Prime Minster, John Metaxas, received a letter from Bonito Mussolini, which basically stated….

The deadline has arrived; I want Greek soil, so that the Italian army can pass through Greece.  But, Prime Minister Metaxas thunderously stated, ΟΧΙ,

(  NO! )

His response, of course, led Greece into war with Italy and then with Germany.  This day has since been known as ΟΧΙ Day.  

The soldier, of the Kilted Greek Regiment on the right, is a young man from Lixouri, Kefalonia.

 

 

 

 

 

National Commemorative Day

 

 

Polytechneio

 

 

November

17, 1973

   

wpeC.jpg (7360 bytes)

 

   This is not a full National Holiday; only the universities and schools are closed.  It is in commemoration of the students who were killed at the time the tanks of the Dictatorship of George Papadopolos crashed into the Polytechnic Institute of Athens, where the students fighting against the dictatorship had sought asylum.

 

 

 

Christmas Day

 

December  25

   

wpe8.jpg (42206 bytes)

 

  A national religious holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus.

 

 

The Day After Christmas

 

December  26

 

   This is a national holiday.

 

 

 

 

 

    Public Holidays of Kefalonia

 

 

 

    These are coins from the four ancient City-states of Kefalonia.  Mythology tells us that King Cephalos gave land to each of his sons, Pale, Sami, Proni and Krane. Today, these names still apply to areas of Kefalonia.

See LINK

 

 

Saint Haralabos Day

 

 

  February 10

   

wpeA.jpg (9404 bytes)

     Saint Haralobos is the patron saint of Lixouri.  He helped in the time of the plague by giving assistance to the poor and ill.  It is said that he played a large roll in stamping out the plague.  This date is a public holiday for the municipality of Paliki.

 

 

 

 

 

Independence Day

of the Ionian Islands

 

 

May 21

 

 

 

The flag of the United States of the Ionian Sea, under the protection of England.

 

   

The Rizospastes, the group which lead the people of the 7 islands into revolt to free themselves from British rule and unite with unoccupied, free Greece.

 

 

 

  wpeF.gif (55282 bytes)

The painting representing the union of the

 Seven Islands with unoccupied Greece.

 

 

  This date commemorates the day on which the British sailed away from the Ionian Islands, at 12 o’clock noon on Saturday May 21, 1864, making the Kefalonians’ dream, of being free and uniting with unoccupied Greec\, a reality.

  

 

 

   To secure this freedom, three Kefalonians:  

Elias Zerbos, Joseph Manferatos and Gerosimos Livadas, organized and led the peoples revolt.

See a Brief History of Kefalonian.

After much blood shed and persecution, the people of the Seven Islands won their freedom from Britain.

     The Ionian Islands are: Kerkyra (Corfu), Lefkada, Paxos, Kefalonia,Ithaca, Zakinthos and Kythera.  They are referred to as the Seven Islands.

 This is a Public Holiday for all of the Seven Islands.

(LINK to A Brief History of Kefaloina.)

    In 1863, the people created a painting to signify the uniting of the Seven Islands with Free Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Gerosimos Day

 

 

 October 20

 

 

 

 

New Jerusalem Nunnery at Community Omalon

 

Saint  Gerosimos       Άγιος Γεράσιμος

 

   Saint Gerosimos is the Patron Saint of Kefalonia.  1507-1579; sainted in 1622.

   He was born with the secular name of Notaras in Trikala, Corinth.  Saint Gerasimos is known for his travels in Greece, Constantinople and Jerusalem.  He arrived in Kefalonia in 1554 and took the position of permanent priest in Valsamata in 1560.  The church of Holy Jerusalem was established during the crusades, cir. 1200 in the area of Omala.  There he made a nunnery, which he named New Jerusalem.      

 

 

 

  In this nunnery, he lived as a hermit - monk counseling visitors and creating miracles until his death in 1579.

  His remains were moved a memorial on October 20, 1581.  It appears that due to this event, his name is celebrated on this date every year.  October 20th is a public holiday for the municipality of Argostoli. However, people all over the island celebrate it as a very special Saint Day.

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

       Pictures – In order of appearance

 

                  Greek National Flag, www.theodora.com/maps/greece_map.html

 

                  St. Basel, Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΗ, 2006.

 

                  Epiphany, Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΗ, 2006

 

                  Kathara Defthera, pictures by Elaine Boldrick Vallianoy, Lixouri, Kefalonia, 1996.

 

                  Blessing of the Soldiers and the Banner of Battle, March 25, 1821,

                              ΜΑΘΗΤΙΚΗ ΥΔΡΙΑ, Vol. 4, Athens, Εκδοσεις Γ. Αξιωτελλης & ΣΙΑ ΕΠΕ, 1989.  

        

                  St. Mary receiving a message from the archangel Gabriel, Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα                      Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΥ, 2006

 

                  Assumption Day, Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΥ, 2006     

 

                  Greek soldiers in traditional dress. On right Tolly Frentzsos of Lixouri, Kefalonia,                                                 at the Congress buliding, Constitution Square, Athens, Greece

                  Symbol of the Polytechneio, Kathimerini, front page, November 17, 2005.

 

                  Christmas Day,  Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΥ, 2006.

   

                   Coins of the Tetrapolis,  History of Kefalonia, George Moshopoulos, Athens,Kefalos, 1985-88                                   

                   Saint Haralabos, Αγιολόγιον-Ημερολόγιον 2006, Νεα Χαλκηδόνα, ΚΥΠΡΗ, 2006

 

                   Congressmen of the Rizospastis Party,     Αντίπα, Γ., ΕΠΤΑΝΗΣΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΕΠΤΑΝΗΣΙΑΚΕΣ                      ΠΡΟΣΩΠΙΚΟΤΗΤΕΣ, Έκδοση Κεφαλλινιακής Αδελφότητας Αθηνών

           

                   Symbol of the Independence of the Ionian Islands,  Η Ιστορία Του Ελλινηκού Έθνος Από 1862-1881,                     Τόμος Γς, Διεύθυνση Εκδόσεως Γεώργος Χριστόπουλος, Αθήνα, Εδκοτική Αθηνών Α.Ε.  1977

                                      

                   Omala, The Nunnery of New Jerusalem, Poulaki-Katevati, Dionysia, ΚΕΦΑΛΟΝΙΑCEPHALONIA                             BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE OF 1953,  Athens, Eikon Publishing,  2003.

       

                    Saint Gerasimos and Nunnery, New Jerusalem, Gkeli, Kostantinos G, Ο ΑΓΙΟΣ ΓΕΡΑΣΙΜΟΣ                              ΚΕΦΑΛΛΙΝΙΑΣ , 4th  Edition, Athens, The Holy Nunnery of St. Gerasimos,                                “New  Jerusalem”,  1991.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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